Norms Package Singapore

From its very beginnings, cyberspace has been designed in a decentralized manner, and therefore relatively loosely governed. This helped encourage the fledging technology and was likely critical for its rapid growth. Cyberspace has created unprecedented social and economic benefits, but it also created real risks and challenges for international peace and stability. While cyberspace is no longer the “Wild West,” many nations still see it as an unconstrained arena for conflict. Dangerous actions by both state and non-state actors produce a growing sense of concern in the international community and the public at large.

These concerns have created widespread demand for better and more explicit governance structures for what has become an essential global infrastructure. Governance describes how individuals and both public and private institutions manage their shared interests and responsibilities. It can include both informal arrangements and formal institutions. Norms are foundational for agreement between stakeholders, better governance, and therefore the initial focus of our work. They also provide an apparent starting point for “what needs to be done” — a basic sense-test of what practical and operational steps need to be undertaken to achieve initial measures of “cyber stability” — and help us define what cyber stability actually is.